2019-10-30 by Daisy I.
European Union agrees to delay Brexit until Jan. 31 : International de
The European Union agreed Monday to delay Brexit by three months until Jan. 31, making the offer to avert a chaotic U.K. departure just three days before Britain was due to become the first country ever to leave the 28-nation bloc.
The decision was welcomed by politicians in the U.K. and the bloc — but not by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who said just weeks ago that he would “rather be dead in a ditch” than postpone the U.K.’s leaving date past Oct. 31.
In the end, the choice was not in his hands — and the EU’s offer of an extension looks to be only a temporary respite from Brexitanxiety.
The U.K. Parliament forced Johnson to ask for a delay in order to avoid a no-dealBrexit, which would hurt the economies of both Britain and the EU.
Johnson is now pushing for an early election as a way of getting a more co-operative Parliament. Lawmakers in the House of Commons are voting later Monday on a government motion calling for a British general election on Dec. 12.
After a very short meeting Monday of diplomats in Brussels, European Council President Donald Tusk tweeted that the EU’s 27 other countries would accept “the UK’s request for a Brexitflextension until 31 January, 2020.” Under the offer, the U.K. can leave before Jan. 31 if the British and European parliaments ratify aBrexitdivorce agreement _ either on Dec. 1 or Jan 1.
“It was a very short and efficient and constructive meeting and I am happy the decision has been taken,” said Michel Barnier, the EU’s chiefBrexitnegotiator.
There was no immediate response from Johnson, who is bound by law to accept the EU’s terms. But Johnson’s spokesman insisted it was Parliament’s fault, not the prime minister’s, that Johnson had failed to deliver his core promise of an Oct. 31Brexit.
“We should be leaving on Oct. 31,” said spokesman James Slack. “He did secure a great new deal, he set out a timetable that would have allowed the U.K. to leave on Oct. 31 with that deal _ and Parliament blocked it.”
The delay is the third time theBrexitdeadline has been changed since British voters decided in a 2016 referendum to leave the bloc.
Johnson took office in July vowing to “getBrexitdone” after his predecessor, Theresa May, resigned in defeat. Parliament had rejected her divorce deal with the bloc three times, and the EU had delayed Britain’s scheduled March 29 departure, first to April, and then to October.
Johnson has faced similar political gridlock, as Parliament blocked his attempt to push through hisBrexitdeal before the October deadline and made him ask the EU for more time.
The prime minister now wants to push hisBrexit withdrawal bill through Parliament before the election, but Johnson’s opponents don’t want to give him that victory. His motion Monday on a Dec. 12 vote — more than two years before Britain’s next scheduled election in 2022 — needs the support of two-thirds of lawmakers to pass, and opposition parties are reluctant to hold an election on Johnson’s terms.
Two opposition parties — the Liberal Democrats and Scottish National Party — are pushing a rival plan for a Dec. 9 election if Johnson’s proposal fails. Johnson’s government has signalled that it will accept that idea if its own motion is defeated.
Even if there is an election, it could produce a Parliament as divided overBrexitas the current one.
European officials, meanwhile, urged Britain to use the extraBrexitmonths wisely.
German government spokesman Steffen Seibert welcomed the delay, but cautioned Britain to “use the additional time productively.”
Guy Verhofstadt, head of the European Parliament’sBrexitgroup, wrote on Twitter that “whether the UK’s democratic choice is revoke or an orderly withdraw, confirmed or not in a second referendum, the uncertainty ofBrexithas gone on for far too long. This extra time must deliver a way forward.”
France was initially reluctant to extend theBrexitdeadline beyond Oct. 31, but French European Affairs Minister Amelie de Montchalin said prospects of a new election in Britain justified the new delay.
She said the important thing now is that “the British and the Europeans understand that, if there are some more weeks or months, it’s not to postpone difficult decisions but to put ourselves in a position to clarify the situation.”
Montchalin also suggested that Britain can also still backpedal on its decision to leave the bloc by revoking Article 50 of the EU treaty and cancellingBrexit — something that Johnson has vowed he will never do.
“The prime minister can pick up his phone and call Brussels to say: I stop everything,” she said.